Biology 11         September 2010 - February2011

Course Outline

Concept map

The text is Biology 11, by Nelson.   Spend time each day reviewing classwork and reading the text that supports the lesson. Concept maps and other graphic organizers are good ways to summarize classwork, text readings or whole chapters. Page 614 in Appendix A shows various ways to organize your work.

Citing References: DRHS uses the MLA system of citing references. This is shown in the format below (book, more than one author). A good website for helping you set up your references for any format is:

Ritter, Dr. Bob, Christine Adam-Carr, and Douglas Fraser. Biology 11. 1st Edition. Toronto: Nelson Thomson Learning, 2002.

Ritter, Bob, Richard Coombs, Dr. R. Bruce Drysdale, Dr. Grant A. Gardner, and Dave T. Lunn. Nelson Biology. 2nd Edition. Scarborough, Ont. Canada, Thomson Canada Ltd. , 1996

Nelson Biology Web Site

Access Excellence Website

Bioetchenology Timeline PowerPoint, 

Biotechnology Timeline

Biology 11 and 12, Lab Investigation Evaluation Rubric

BIO11and12 Safety.

Test Policy: If you miss a test, quiz, or lab, it must be for a very important reason (illness, doctor/dental appointment).  On the first day back to school, you must provide a note from a parent/guardian with the dates(s) of your absence, the legitimate reason stated and a signature. The test will be written after school at my convenience. If you do not follow this procedure, a zero will be assigned for the test/quiz/lab.

Semester project.

Chapter 1  Development of the Cell  Theory     Chapter 1 Study Guide.

The Cell Theory (PowerPoint)

The Virtual Cell Web Page,, is an excellent way to view cell animations and explanations about the cell, cell organelles and the cell membrane.  Take the Virtual Cell Tour and then complete Worksheet #1. This will be considered a bonus activity. Students passing this in will be given extra credit toward the first test!

Try these links:       Cell Structure             Cell Parts                Eukaryotic Cell Structures

A Window on the Invisible World: The Microscope

The microscope is the tool of the biologist. The invention of the microscope in the 1600s changed the way people understood and explained the universe.  Today, the scanning tunneling electron microscope allows scientists to view images at the level of the atom. To see some scanning electron microscope images, go to Cells Alive. The microscopes in the DRHS labs are called compound microscopes.  You will need to know the names of the parts and how to the use the microscope properly. 

Transmission Electron Microscope

How to Prepare Wet Mount Slide

Biological Drawing Evaluation Rubric

The Cell Membrane                              

Membrane Transport Animations :   Use these animations to go along with your text readings on passive and active transport.    Animation #1   Animation #2  Animation #3  Animation #4

Notes for Membrane Transport PowerPoint

Abiogenesis - Spontaneous Generation, the "norm" for 2000 years!

ON TOP OF THE MEMBRANE - Membrane song

Cell Membrane Transport web site

The Energy is in the Bond, ATP

ATP Movie

Species at Risk Presentation

On Oct. 11, 2006 Brennan Caverhill visited our classroom to give a presentation on Species at Risk. Read Brennan's Mission Statement: SOUTHWEST NOVA BIOSPHERE RESERVE

It was a fascinating presentation. The students plan to visit Keji to follow up with Brennan and see some of the Blanding's Turtle  work first hand.

He also left us lots of information and a question sheet to help us focus on Species at Risk in Nova Scotia.  SPECIES AT RISK & BLANDING’S TURTLES

Field Trip to Keji

Nov. 7, 2006  -  the Bio. 11 class visited Keji to get a first hand look at the work being done to learn about Blanding's Turtles and other Species at Risk. Brennan Caverhill and Duncan Smith were the trip leaders. They took the class to Meadow Beach and into the protected area to observe the techniques being used to protect turtle's nests and trap and release them to radio track their movements.

Photos by Magi Ross

Unit 2  Chapter 2, Energy in the Cell

Study Guide for Energy Within the Cell  Pages 58-68

  1. Explain how ATP is formed and provide examples of its uses in living systems (ATP handout).

  2. Explain the difference between heterotrophs and autotrophs.

  3. Define endergonic and exergonic reactions and draw an energy diagram to show both.

  4. Explain the importance of photosynthesis. Write the balanced equation for photosynthesis.

  5. Explain the role of chlorophyll and describe where it is produced.

  6. Define cellular respiration and write the balanced equation for the overall reaction of respiration.

  7. Compare photosynthesis and respiration by comparing how energy flows between photosynthesis and respiration and between plants and animals;

  8. Compare the two types of respiration (aerobic vs. anaerobic).

Photosynthesis and Respiration - must see!

Allosteric Activation


Photosynthesis and Energy

Glycolysis 1

Glycolysis 2

Chapters 4 and 6, Organ Systems and Circulatory System   

Study Guide: Chapter 6, pages 204-207, Organ Systems.     After studying the material in this unit, you should be able to:

  1. Describe the importance of organs and organ systems to multicellular animals.
  2. Describe the levels of cell organization.
  3. Identify and define the four types of tissue.
  4. Identify the seven organ systems and identify the organs and tissues associated with each.
  5. On a diagram, identify anatomy terms.
  6. Define homeostasis and provide examples.

Chapter 7, Circulatory System.     After studying the material in this unit, you should be able to:

  1. List the six main functions of the circulatory system.
  2. Describe some of the early theories of circulation.
  3. Explain the anatomy of arteries and veins and explain how they are different.
  4. Explain what causes a pulse.
  5. Define vasodilation and vasoconstriction.
  6. Explain the function of capillaries.
  7. Explain the role of one-way valves in the veins.
  8. Describe the structure and function  of the heart. Identify parts of the mammalian heart.
  9. Compare pulmonary and systemic circulation.
  10. Trace blood flow from the body to the heart, to the lungs and to the body again.
  11. Explain the role of coronary arteries.
  12. Describe a coronary bypass operation.
  13. Identify the parts of a normal electrocardiograph.
  14. Define diastole, systole, heart murmur.
  15. Describe normal blood pressure and explain the regulation of blood pressure.

              Bonus for the test:  Page 278, 1-4. A unit concept map will be due two days before the test.

Heart SoundsHeart Sounds 2

Cardiovascular Pathology

Heart Animations

These three web sites go with the "Affairs of the Heart" activity. 

Heart Anatomy (thanks Sydnee!)

Circulatory System Overview


Biology 11 Digestion and Absorption, Study Guide  Chapter 6      pages 208-229
After studying this unit you should be able to :
1.  Describe the importance of digestion in heterotrophs. pg. 208
2. Explain the role of digestive enzymes. pg. 208
3. Compare the digestion of amoebas , hydras and earthworms and birds. pg. 209
4.  Label a diagram of the human digestive system. Pg. 211
5.  Trace the digestion of food from ingestion  to digestion  to egestion.
(a)   Explain the role of the mouth, stomach, small intestine, pancreas and large
intestine.   See pages 210-228
       and the summary on page 229.
(b) Explain the role of substances involved in digestion.  See pages 210-228 and the
summary on page 229
6. Describe the function of secretin. page 217 and notes.
7.  Describe the function of CCK, page 223 and notes.
8.  Explain how substances are absorbed in the small and large intestine. page 224-225.
9.  Explain the importance of an endoscope.
Terms to know:  the blue terms in the margin of the pages throughout the chapter to page

Organs of Digestion

Canada's Food Guide Web Quest

Canada's Food Guide

Interactive Food Label

My Food Guide

Blood and Immunity

Components of Blood #1        Components of Blood #2, Blood the River of Life


Blood Typing

How Lymphocytes produce Antibody

Critical Thinking and the Immune System Response

Classification and Diversity, Chapters 9 and 11.

Designing a Dichotomous Key- Evaluation Rubric.

Biology 11 Classification and Diversity Study Guide

  1. Define with examples the following terms:

Taxonomy, binomial nomenclature, species, taxa, phylogeny, dichotomous key.

  1. List the seven levels of classification.
  2. Explain with examples,  the rules for writing scientific names.
  3. Compare living things using the seven levels of classification.
  4. Name the six kingdoms of living things and provide examples of their general characteristics and provide an example for each kingdom.
  5. Use a dichotomous key to identify living organisms. (pg. 332)
  6. Design a spider and dichotomous keys. (Activity with tree leaves.)
  7. Define with examples, the following viruses, capsid, bacteriophage, adenovirus, host range, lysis, vaccine
  8. Explain why viruses do not “fit” in the kingdoms of living things.
  9. Use examples to describe viral diversity.
  10. Using a diagram, explain the steps of viral replication.
  11. Describe with examples how viruses affect human health (table 1, page 337)
  12. Define with examples the following terms, cocci, spirilla, bacilli bacteria; obligate aerobes, obligate anaerobes, facultative anaerobes,  endospores.
  13. Briefly describe how bacteria are classified. Provide some examples.
  14. Describe how bacteria respire and obtain nutrients. (page 342)
  15. Describe with examples the beneficial effects of bacteria.
  16. Describe with examples, the harmful effects of bacteria.
  17. Describe how bacteria reproduce and grow – binary fission.
  18. Using phytoplankton and zooplankton as example, describe some of the characteristics of Kingdom Prostista.
  19. Define with examples, zoology, invertebrate, vertebrate, notochord, coelom, germ layers, symmetry, cehpalization., sessile, motile.
  20. Use table 1 on page 411 to describe characteristics of some of the phyla of the animal kingdom. (worms, insects and other arthropods,, mollusks)

Test Bonus: Page 361, #21.

Very Hot Bacteria

Center for Disease Control

Helpful Bacteria;             More Helpful Bacteria;       Even MORE helpful bacteria!

Bacteria Basics and Binary Fission

Plankton Particulars

Images of Phytoplankton

Bloom in the Bay of Fundy

Alexandrium concentrations in the Bay of Fundy

Harmful Algal Blooms


Marine Biotoxins

Taxonomy Browser